June 2019, Vol. 246, No. 6

Features

Modeling and Prediction of Black Powder Erosion of Gas Pipelines

By Ehab Elsaadawy and A.M. El-Sherik, Saudi Aramco, Research & Development Center, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia    Black powder is composed of different forms of iron sulfide (FeS), iron oxides (Fe3O4, FeOOH) and iron carbonate (FeCO3), mechanically mixed or chemically combined with any number of contaminants, such as salts, sand, liquid hydrocarbons, metal debris, and even naturally-occurring radioactive material (NORM).   Figure 1a: Black powder particles. Courtesy of Saudi Aramco Figure 1b: Carbon steel control valve cage that was eroded by black powder after 45 days in service. Courtesy

Log in to view this article.

Not Yet A Subscriber? Here are Your Options.

1) Start a FREE TRIAL SUBSCRIPTION and gain access to all articles in the current issue of Pipeline & Gas Journal magazine.

2) Start your full access subscription to Pipeline & Gas Journal and gain UNLIMITED access to this article, the current issue, all past issues in the technical archive, access to all special reports, special focus supplements and more. Pricing start at $395/year.   

*Access will be granted the next business day.

 

Related Articles

Comments

{{ error }}
{{ comment.comment.Name }} • {{ comment.timeAgo }}
{{ comment.comment.Text }}