Landlocked Bolivia is unique among nations for many reasons, not the least of which is its wide range of terrains, climates and biodiversity, which are in turn a consequence of precipitous altitude changes within the country. From Andean glaciers to Amazonian rain forests, the country is a patchwork of varying elevations, including dozens of active and extinct volcanoes and innumerable rivers.
In 1969, Jack Dangermond founded Esri with a vision that computer-based mapping and analysis could make significant contributions in the areas of geographic planning and environmental science. Now commonly referred to as GIS, geographic information systems have long played an important role in the pipeline industry for ensuring regulatory compliance and integrity management, and pipeline operators rely on Esri technology every day for data maintenance and operational management.
Batelle, TerraGo Technologies, CTDUT-Pipeline Technology Center, CartoPac and more
PetroChina began its pipeline integrity management (PIM) project in 2005. As the project progressed, officials realized the structure of the pipeline data model formed the basis for many kinds of analysis and assessments increasingly important to an operator when implementing PIM.
The distribution of natural gas in an urban utility has inherent risks. Distribution networks are located underground, out of sight and typically under pavement in close proximity to buildings, residences and subsurface structures.