November 2021, Vol. 248, No. 11


Projects November 2021

Canada Formally Invokes 1977 Pipeline Treaty with US Over Line 5 Dispute   Canada has formally invoked a 1977 treaty with the United States to request negotiations over Enbridge’s Line 5 pipeline.   The 540,000-bpd pipeline currently ships crude and refined products from Superior, Wisconsin, to Sarnia, Ontario.  However, concerns over  potential leaks beneath the Straits of Mackinaw has led Michigan to try to shut down a 4-mile (6-km) section of the pipe.   In a letter to the federal judge presiding over the case, Gordon Giff, legal counsel for the Canadian government, said Canada had formally invoked Article Six of the 1977 Transit Pipelines Trea

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