August 2014, Vol. 241, No. 8


How Europe Freed Itself From Relying On Russian Gas

Each time there is a fallout between Russia and Ukraine, urgent calls are made for the European Union to free itself from Russian gas. The reality is that the EU is in a better state than it has been for two decades. The EU has diversified its sources of gas considerably since the 1990s. More than 80% of the growth in imports now comes from countries other than Russia – especially Norway, Algeria, Nigeria and the Middle East. Dependence on Russian gas almost halved in less than two decades, declining from 61% in 1995 to 34% in 2012. However, Russia remains the supplier which arouses most concern among European states. The EU’s primary energy mix remains dominated

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