February 2011, Vol. 238 No. 2


Integrated Flow Assurance Solutions

Flow assurance is crucial for producing and transporting of oil and gas. The fluids – a combination of gas, crude/ condensate and water, together with solids – cause many potential threats like hydrate formation, wax/ paraffin, asphaltenes, scale deposition, sand erosion, emulsions and corrosion. This article deals with integrated solutions and checklists for flow assurance strategy for conceptual design engineers. Moreover, an attempt is presented to provide a decision making chart. Gas hydrates. These are solid crystalline compounds which have a structure wherein guest molecules are entrapped in a cage-like framework of host molecules without forming a chemical b

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