A new study by business information provider IHS forecasts significant growth and value in the market for natural gas and LNG as a transportation fuel. The study, LNG in Transportation: Challenging Oil’s Grip showed that use of natural gas as a transportation fuel could displace more than 1.5 MMbpd of oil demand by 2030.
A combination of drivers — environmental, technological and commercial — will lead to greater adoption of natural gas in transport, the study said. The highest level of adoption will be in high-fuel-consuming applications such as trucks and ships.
“The fall of oil prices has diminished much of the glow from what was an overly optimistic market opportunity for natural gas in transportation,” said Michael Stoppard, chief strategist for global gas — IHS Energy. “Nonetheless, the shift to greater use of [natural] gas in trucks is set to continue. It is widely accepted that power generation is the primary growth market for natural gas demand, but gas as a fuel offers a new market with potentially more value.”
The study said worldwide oil consumption in trucks is almost as high as in cars but noted it is often more economical for truck fleets to switch to alternative fuel sources. Truck fleets have a relatively quick turnove,r which could lead to faster adoption of new technology.
IHS forecast gas demand in trucks will reach 81 Bcm by 2030 and be split between LNG and compressed natural gas (CNG). An additional 17 Bcm in LNG demand is expected to come from ships by that same year. LNG demand in the truck and marine sectors is expected to account for 10% of all globally traded LNG at that time.
“At a time of abundant LNG supply in search of insufficient markets, this extra demand could be critical for mitigating oversupply. Companies will need to adapt their business models to take advantage of the market opportunity,” said Rafael McDonald, the study’s project manager.
The study examined the effect of lower oil and fuel prices on the adoption of natural gas. Using a detailed analysis of IHS Automotive data of global truck fleets, it found lower oil prices may slow adoption in the short term but is unlikely to halt it. Much of the “launch pad for expansion” such as critical infrastructure is either in place or close to being in key markets, such as the United States and China, awaiting a rebound in diesel prices, the study said. China, the world leader in LNG-vehicle adoption with annual sales orders of magnitude higher than in any other market, will remain critical to continued growth.
While the growth outlooks for natural gas demand in fuel are strong globally, the study also found big differences between drivers and outcomes in key regions. However, in all regions the tax treatment of fuels will be critical in determining consumer choice, especially as oil prices fluctuate, and a minimum level of fueling infrastructure is essential to jump start adoption, the study fiound.
The study was conducted between September 2014 and March 2015.