While big trenchless pipeline installation projects often receive the majority of the attention in the natural gas industry, sometimes smaller trenchless projects play an important role in maintaining the flow and storage of natural gas and deserve their due.
A recent project for [Kinder Morgan] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America’s (NGPL) natural gas storage facility in Herscher, IL provides a good example.
The Herscher natural gas storage site was once part of the Trenton Oil Fields which began operating in the 1880s but was abandoned in the early 1900s. Since being abandoned, the Herscher site has been used to store natural gas – beginning in the 1950s – with Cambrian-age sandstone that provides an ideal formation for the underground storage of natural gas.
The American Gas Association reports that there are approximately 420 operating natural gas storage field in the U.S. For an average winter heating season of five months, about 15-20% of natural gas consumed originates in an underground storage facility. These sites are commonly depleted gas reservoirs, aquifers, mined or salt solution caverns, or depleted oil reservoirs, like the Herscher field.
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (Docket No. CP08-032-000) reports that NGPL filed for approval of an expansion of the Herscher field in January 2008. The ultimate goal of the project was to increase the field’s capacity by 10 Bcf and increase the peak-day withdrawal capacity. The expansion would include, new water withdrawal wells, new and extended water-disposal wells, new water pipelines, a new compressor station addition, and extension of five existing natural gas injection/withdrawal wells. The project also included upgrading and repairing portions of the existing storage system.
Project approval was granted last summer and HOSS Construction Co., Searcy, AR, was contracted to complete the work. Dave Seitz, HOSS Construction general manager and vice president, described his company as a utility and mechanical contractor serving the pipeline, communications and municipal industries, specializing in directional drilling. The Herscher storage field project gave Seitz the opportunity to expand the company’s capabilities into static pipe-bursting for the replacement of a 6-inch fiberglass water line.
Seitz said, “Due to the time of year, the well-maintained right-of-way, business activity and the concern for ensuring that the business for adjacent landowners and property appearance was maintained, the decision came down to directional drilling, or pipe bursting the segment. Pipe bursting, in this situation, required only the excavation of one tie-in connection hole, utilizing only one path of ingress and egress. Considering all costs, boring, and clean-up, versus one tie-in hole, pipe bursting was selected.”
For the project, Seitz enlisted the assistance of trenchless equipment manufacturer TT Technologies, Aurora, IL and the 800G Grundoburst static pipe-bursting system.
Contractor And Project Background
While a relatively new company on the books, HOSS Construction has years of utility and pipeline contracting experience. Seitz, a civil engineer, began his career with NGPL at the Herscher storage field nearly 30 years ago. After 20 years with NGPL, Seitz spent several years as a partner in a pipeline and utility construction firm and a consultant in the pipeline industry before finally striking out on his own and starting HOSS construction in 2005.
While the project at the Herscher storage site may have seemed like familiar territory, it offered an opportunity for Seitz to explore a trenchless pipe rehabilitation and replacement method that was new to HOSS Construction: static pipe bursting.
The project took place along the south side of Illinois State Highway 115 on the east side of the town and involved the replacement and upgrading of a 6-inch fiberglass water line to an 8-inch SDR 11 HDPE line. That particular line distributes water to and from water pump wells and water-disposal wells.
Water pumped from the ground during withdrawal season has a slightly elevated salt content that the water absorbs naturally underground. According to TT Technologies Pipe Bursting Specialist Bryan Bachmann, this may have contributed to the demise of previous pipes such as cast and ductile iron waterlines. This fiberglass line, however, was simply being replaced for capacity reasons as part of the overall expansion.
The line was installed between an existing 10-inch steel water line and a 6-inch PVC municipal supply water main. The area was located in the state highway right-of-way on the back slope of a drainage ditch. The area was well-maintained by adjacent business owners and four existing driveways were used for business ingress and egress. The total length of the segment was 2,300 feet.
Static Pipe Bursting
Bachmann said static pipe bursting is now established as a dependable trenchless pipe-replacement method throughout the U.S. He said, “Static pipe bursting has really come to the forefront of trenchless pipe rehab and replacement. A lot has to do with the fact that the method has gained acceptance from the utility construction industry and the fact that the method itself has grown in terms of its versatility.”
The static bursting process is simple yet effective. Specially designed bladed rollers are pulled through an existing line by a hydraulically powered bursting unit. As the bladed rollers are pulled through, they split the host pipe. An expander attached to the rollers forces the fragmented pipe into the surrounding soil while simultaneously pulling in the new pipe.
Patented Quicklock bursting rods are linked, not screwed together, like traditional drill stems or other static systems. This system speeds the installation process as well as the breakdown procedure. The rods can be quickly removed one at a time at the exit pit as bursting is in operation. While HDPE is commonly used, new techniques and technologies are offering contractors a choice when it comes to product pipe. Bachmann said other pipe materials are being installed now through static bursting including ductile iron, PVC, specially designed clay and steel.
He said, “Several techniques have been developed by TT Technologies and partner contractors to allow the use of a variety of product pipe options with the static pipe-bursting process. Besides its inherent trenchless aspect, this is one of the main reasons that the popularity of the method has really taken off. Often, HDPE is the right choice for a project. However, for certain municipalities or parts of the country, it’s ductile iron, PVC, or clay. It provides a level of choice and versatility previously unavailable with the bursting process. The reception by contractors, engineers and municipalities has been tremendous and has led to the continuing growth of the method as well as continuing innovation from the field.”
On The Job
The pipe-bursting project was to be completed in just two pulls. The first segment was 1,275 feet and the second was 1,025 feet. A Grundoburst 800G static bursting system with a tri-blade cutter was chosen for the project. HOSS crews excavated a single machine pit in the middle of the two bursting runs. The pit measured 4 feet wide by 5 feet deep by 16 feet long. Once the pit was dug, crews lowered the bursting unit into the hole and prepared the support and bracing.
Seitz said proper bracing is important to the success of the bursting operation.
“The biggest challenge was supporting the machine, given the ground conditions. The soil was a 24-inch top layer of good Illinois black dirt and below that was a clay loam with pea gravel. The soil had high moisture content and the water level was just at the bottom of the 5.5-foot excavation. Additional support structures and equipment were required to hold the machine during the pullback. The Grundoburst unit had enough power to do the job and the design of the unit enabled us to maneuver and add support and bracing during the pull-back process,” he said.
Crews rodded the first 1,275-foot section of pipe. At the launch pit, crews then connected the tri-blade bursting head and bolted the expander with the new fused 8-inch HDPE to the bursting rods. The first 750-foot segment of pipe was pulled in with only one stop for a fusion joint, adding 600 feet in the staging area. While the bursting of the first run was in progress, crews allowed the locked bursting rods to pass through the machine and rod the second bursting run.
Bachmann said, “This is a huge time-saving method, unique to Quicklock style bursting rod systems. You’re essentially accomplishing two tasks at once. It really contributes to productivity and efficiency.”
Once the first run was complete, crews took the Grundoburst and rotated it 180 degrees in the machine pit in order to pull from the other direction. Crews then completed set-up for the second burst, attaching the tri-blade bursting head, expander and new 8-inch HDPE. The second 1,025-foot segment was also pulled into place as all of the connections were made without incident.
Bachmann said, “The project went really well and that can be directly attributed to the quality people at HOSS Construction. They’re great to work with and excellent in the field.” In addition to the static bursting portion, HOSS Construction completed the additional portions of the Herscher field expansion project. Seitz said that he intends to add static pipe bursting to his list of trenchless services and looks forward to using the method again in the future.